Fossils – Evidence of A Flood
From the day we started grammar school, we have been overwhelmed with the doctrine that fossils and fossil evidence “proves” the Earth is billions of years old. Evolutionists state that fossilization has preserved many plant and animal remains over time.
Evolutionists’ doctrine claiming that geological layers take millions of years to form, which is called uniformitarianism, has obvious reservations. But if uniformitarianism is true, then by the time thousands of years would have elapsed for enough dirt to gradually accumulate over a dead animal, even the very bones would have completely decomposed from predators, bacteria, and the effects of rain, wind, and climate.
Yet fossilized animals are found with their bones completely intact and articulated in the proper position as if they were instantly frozen in time. Evolutionists’ own doctrine of an old Earth nullifies any possibility of fossilization. Not only are fossilized bones found throughout the stratum, but many soft-tissue creatures are preserved, as well. The fossil record is full of soft-bodied marine animals deposited in sediment secondary to catastrophic events.
Can you really get ample information from a bone or even a complete set of bones? It’s difficult enough to come up with any legitimate conclusions from a fossil, let alone claim that one fossil is a distant ancestor of another, especially when the fossils are from two different species. Even when scientists discover a complete set of fossilized bones of a creature, no one can tell if that animal ever bore offspring, let alone offspring of a different species! So, there is no possible way to claim that one fossil is an ancestor of anything else.
Even though evolutionists use similarities between creatures to suggest ancestral relationship, similarities could suggest a common designer (God), as well.
Paleontologists themselves admit they can’t tell whether one animal bore a different species of offspring like evolutionists would have us believe. Colin Patterson, director of the paleontology department at the British Museum of Natural History, was discussing in a personal letter to creationist Luther Sunderland the issue of transitional fossils in his 1978 book, Evolution. In his letter, he stated:
I fully agree with your comments on the lack of direct illustration of evolutionary transitions in my book. If I knew of any, fossil or living, I would certainly have included them…. There is not one such fossil for which one might make a watertight argument… Fossils may tell us many things, but one thing they can never disclose is whether they were ancestors of anything else.
The fossil record has shown that all life forms found within the deep geological strata associated with the “Cambrian explosion” are fully formed and functional. There is no gradual progression of simple organisms toward higher life. Scientists have found very few organisms below this stratum. It is as if everything suddenly appeared fully formed at the same time.
Of course, this is exactly how the book of Genesis describes the way life began. Even if evolution were possible, literally millions of mutant half-formed transitional fossils would exist for every single fully formed fossil found in the geological strata. Not only would there be millions of times more transitional fossils, but if evolution is truly random, then there should be millions more examples of the mutational freaks that didn’t survive. Yet there are none.
The very people who study fossils admit this dilemma. Well-renowned paleontologist Dr. David Kitts admitted:
Evolution requires intermediate forms between species, and paleontology [the study of fossils] does not provide them.
The only fossil “evidence” proponents of evolution use are examples of extinct animals and plants, like dinosaur bones. Since no one knows how old a dinosaur bone really is, however, this is not evidence for evolution. In fact, the only dating system that can be used for bones is the carbon-14 (C14) method.
The problem is that C14 can only date back approximately 50,000 years. Anything older will not have any C14 left in it. Yet evolutionary scientists admit that thousands of dinosaur bones, supposedly 70 to 225 million years old, still contain plenty of C14 and many bones still contain soft tissue and red blood cells, which scientifically proves these dinosaurs cannot be millions of years old.
The only definite conclusion scientists can make about fossils they find in the ground is that the poor creature died. They certainly cannot tell if the creature had any offspring, let alone whether it bore offspring of a different species! Fossils of extinct species and fossils of existing species are the only types of fossils found in the geological column. Fossils of extinct species, however, are not evidence for evolution nor of an old age. Scientists estimate an average of three species becomes extinct every single day. Extinction is not evidence for evolution.
Plus, there are no transitional forms found in the strata. Just because two animals have similarities, that doesn’t mean one evolved from the other. Similarity between two creatures can be evidence for a common designer (God) just as easily as it could be evidence for a common ancestor.
If true transitional species existed from random, accidental mutations, they would be hideously deformed monsters with legs growing out of their heads, eyes protruding from their stomachs, and six deformed ears or a nose on the bottom of their feet.
The Genesis Flood explains perfectly the fossil placement throughout the geological column. During a global flood, a hierarchy of plant and animal placement within the newly formed geological column could be predicted, especially if the destructive water originated from the bowels of the Earth from thousands of split fault lines as described in Genesis.
During these types of catastrophic events, the simpler bottom-dwelling marine life would be the first covered by the sediment and deluge. Above that layer would be many types of fish in higher layers. In fact, most of the marine life, including the fish, would be found throughout all the layers of sediment, since the entire planet would eventually be covered with water.
Many of the amphibians, whose normal habitat is on land next to the water, would be covered in the next higher layer of sediment, while the faster-moving amphibians and reptiles, including the dinosaurs, would be found in the sediment above the amphibians. Many of the animals, like the mammals, that lived in areas away from the seas would be buried later in the Flood since it would take longer for the floodwaters to reach them and cover them with sediment.
Still, many of these faster-moving mammals and reptiles who could reach higher ground could be found in even higher strata. Man, who is intelligent enough to reach the highest ground for safety, would be the last to be overtaken by the floodwaters and sediment and would, therefore, be found in the highest layers of the geological column.
Many men would have also built rafts in which they could possibly survive for weeks before finally perishing from starvation and exposure. Birds would most likely be found in the higher strata as well, since they could have flown to increasingly higher ground until they were eventually overtaken by the deluge.
Environmental sorting resulting from continual tidal forces occurring twice every day during the year when the planet was covered with water would sort out creatures of similar density and forms. Since there would be churning and mixing of the sediment within the Flood for months, some plant and animal life would be mixed together, as well. This is exactly what we see as fossil evidence within the geological column.
The vast majority of plant and animal life found in the geologic column were just like those alive today. The only difference is that the stratum also contains fossils of extinct species. This does nothing to prove animals evolved, however, since entire species become extinct every single day.
Most of the creatures found fossilized in strata which are supposedly hundreds of millions of years old still look the same today. Included are bacteria (found in supposedly 600 million to 3 billion year-old Precambrian strata), starfish (supposedly 500 million years old), cockroaches (supposedly 250 million years old), ginkgo trees (supposedly 200 million years old), sharks (supposedly 180 million years old), dragonflies (supposedly 170 million years old), sea urchins (also supposedly 170 million years old), and bats (supposedly 50 million years old).
Evolutionists cannot explain how creatures like the bat, the squid, and the octopus found in layers supposedly tens of millions of years old have remained unchanged throughout time.
The eye of an octopus is extremely advanced and equals, if not surpasses, the complexity of the human eye. The squid and the octopus are the most complex members of the invertebrates, and yet they suddenly appear in the geologic strata with no transitional forms below them.
The oldest fossilized skeleton of a bat is allegedly 50 million years old, yet it is no different from the skeleton of a modern bat. Plus, there are absolutely no transitional fossils below it which show a progression from a lower form of life. When the first bat appeared in the geological column, it was a fully formed and developed bat. This fossilized evidence found within the geological column fully supports the Genesis account of creation and disproves Darwinism.
Evolutionists claim that if the fossil of a particular animal is found in “older” strata but not “younger” strata, then the animal is probably extinct, which they claim supports evolution. Yet scientists are still discovering many of the animals, of which these fossils represent, are still alive today. If the geologic column is really ancient, then where were all of these creatures hiding for “tens of millions of years?”
One evolutionist revealed this dilemma stating:
Long before I began to research the subject in any detail, I had brooded about a number of puzzling features – things which didn’t seem to fit the [evolutionary] argument – which the textbooks largely ignored. There is, for example, the fact that some creatures fail to evolve but chunter on quite successfully as “living fossils.” Bees preserved in amber from the Tertiary period [65 million years ago] are almost identical with living bees. And everyone has heard of the coelacanth, supposed to have been extinct since the beginning of the Cretaceous period [70 million years ago]. The plant world also offers living fossils, such as the gingko [200 million years], with a leaf unlike that of any modern tree.
How could the coelacanth be extinct for 70 million years and then suddenly appear today alive and well? An even better question is why didn’t this fish change and “evolve” during this enormous time span? If evolutionists declare a species “extinct” when its fossil remains are found in “older” strata but not in “younger” strata, then why isn’t the coelacanth found in the 70 million years’ worth of “younger” strata?
This is just one of many examples showing that the geologic column shouldn’t be classified in terms of time and “eras,” but should be classified simply to differentiate the various layers of sediment. This is how the geological strata were originally classified before old Earth proponents began monopolizing the field of geology.
Evolutionists also claim that dinosaurs lived between 65 million and 225 million years ago. They claim that these giant reptilian creatures became extinct 65 million years ago, a view evolutionists tout as “evidence” somehow supporting both an old Earth and evolution. The problem, however, is that there have been thousands of first-hand accounts of dinosaur sightings during the past few thousand years throughout the history of man.
The people who saw these dinosaurs normally used the term “dragon” to describe them because the word “dinosaur” wasn’t coined until 1842 by British anatomist Richard Owen. Even in modern times, many sightings of what could be considered dinosaurs, such as the Loch Ness Monster of Scotland, Mokele-mbembe of Africa, Pterodactyls of the American West and the Southwest Pacific, and the Lake Champlain Monsters of America, have been recorded. Thousands of drawings can be found in South American, Chinese, and Roman artifacts portraying dinosaurs and men living together during the same time period.
The Bible also contains historical references to dinosaurs, including the Behemoth in Job 40:15-24 and the Leviathan in Job 41:1-34. Fossilized dinosaur tracks alongside human footprints have been found thousands of times, but evolutionists quickly dismiss every single finding because they claim that “humans and dinosaurs couldn’t have lived together.” So they stand by their theory that dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years before man existed, even though physical, scientific, and historical evidence contradicts their position.
The important point to remember, however, is that the issue of whether dinosaurs are extinct has nothing to do with evolution. There would need to be millions of transitional fossils leading up to them in order to support any idea that dinosaurs “evolved” from another species, yet scientists have discovered no such transitions.
Evolutionists project the vision of these giant creatures roaming the planet 200 million years ago to help build the idea that the Earth is ancient. To suddenly discover dinosaurs living today would force evolutionists to explain how they survived all these millions of years and why they didn’t evolve into something else.
Isaac Asimov wrote:
Because the huge skeletons that were built up out of fossilized remnants were clearly reptilian in nature, they were called “terrible lizards,” which in Greek is dinosauria [Greek “deinos” means fearfully great, and “sauros” means lizard], by the nineteenth-century zoologist Sir Richard Owen.
Fossilized evidence within the geological column show that plants and creatures were not laid down gradually over millions of years. In fact, it shows just the opposite. Scientists have discovered hundreds of massive fossil graveyards around the world containing millions of creatures buried together as the result of some catastrophic event. Millions of these fossil remains have been found clumped together with their bones crushed, twisted, and contorted, indicating these animals died a sudden, violent death.
The Genesis account of a devastating worldwide flood can provide the only explanation for this evidence.
Researcher H.R. Siegler wrote:
There are so-called fossil graveyards in which is often a rich conglomeration of organisms. One such found in Eocene lignite deposits of the Geiseltal in Central Germany, contains more than six thousand remains of vertebrate animals together with an even greater number of mollusks, insects, and plants. So well-preserved are many of these animals that it is still possible to study the contents of their stomachs. It is easy to imagine how these could have been deposited by the swirling and receding waters of a great flood, but NOT how this could have happened under uniformitarian [evolutionary] conditions.
Dr. Stephen Grocott, who holds a PhD in organometallic chemistry from the University of Western Australia, commented:
How are fossils formed? In school I was told that fossilization occurs gradually over years. Nonsense! Let’s use our common sense. The recently dead (or living) organism must be rapidly buried in sediment that can harden and exclude oxygen. Again, just what you’d expect from a catastrophic worldwide flood.
Fossilization and rapid formation of deep strata must occur rapidly. How else do you explain vertical fossilized trees (without roots!) or a dinosaur’s neck sticking through strata that are allegedly millions of years old? Tell me how the tree or dinosaur stayed alive for millions of years while the strata slowly formed around it. There are thousands of examples. A catastrophic flood fits the evidence quite well.
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